Headline-grabbing murders, political scandals, devastating weather events and just plain odd things defined the decades leading up to 2014.
Pop culture and national and worldwide events captured attention and in some cases, changed mankind, over the past 100 years. Here is an overview as gleaned from several online sources including thepeoplehistory.com, infoplease.come and historyorb.com and others:
• The average work day changed when the Ford Motor Company went from a nine-hour to eight-hour shift as the Model T assembly line went into production.
• The second sister ship to the Titanic — HMHS Britannic — launched from Belfast, Ireland, in February and later sank off the coast of Greece in November 1916.
• Britain declared war on Germany after German troops invaded Belgium; the Colorado Coal Field Massacre, also known as the Ludlow Massacre, saw 33 striking coal miners killed by the Colorado National Guard; and the Canadian ship, The Empress of Ireland, sank in the St. Lawrence River on May 29, killing 1,024 people aboard.
• The Greyhound Bus Company opened in Minnesota in 1914; the first ship, the U.S.S. Acorn, passed through the Panama Canal; Babe Ruth made his debut with the Boston Red Sox; and Charlie Chaplin introduced “The Tramp.”
• The first Olympic Winter Games were held in January in Chamonix, France; the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamen’s tomb was opened in Egypt; and Claydon Sunny published “Happy Birthday to You.”
• J. Edgar Hoover was named director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; the first crossword puzzle was published; “Little Orphan Annie” debuted; and President Calvin Coolidge declared the Stature of Liberty a national monument.
• Rand McNally published its first road atlas; the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade was held; and astronomer Edwin Hubble announced there were other galaxies out there.
• A notorious court case concluded in Chicago when law students Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb were found guilty of the murder of 14-year-old Bobby Franks. The pair, trying to commit the perfect crime, was tripped up when a distinguishing hinge on a pair of eyeglasses left behind at the scene was found.