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July 22, 2013

Today in History

Today is Monday, July 22, the 203rd day of 2013. There are 162 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On July 22, 1943, American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily, during World War II.

On this date:

  • In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
  • In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland.
  • In 1893, Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visited the summit of Pikes Peak, where she was inspired to write the original version of her poem "America the Beautiful."
  • In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.
  • In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York's Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours.
  • In 1934, bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago's Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie "Manhattan Melodrama."
  • In 1942, the Nazis began transporting Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp. Gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons began along the Atlantic seaboard.
  • In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.
  • In 1963, Sonny Liston knocked out Floyd Patterson in the first round of their rematch in Las Vegas to retain the world heavyweight title.
  • In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
  • In 1983, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.
  • In 2011, Anders Breivik (AHN'-durs BRAY'-vihk) massacred 69 people at a Norwegian island youth retreat after detonating a bomb in nearby Oslo that killed eight others in the nation's worst violence since World War II.

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