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April 5, 2013

Today in History

Today is Friday, April 5, the 95th day of 2013. There are 270 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On April 5, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order creating the Civilian Conservation Corps and an anti-hoarding order that effectively prohibited private ownership of gold.

On this date:

  • In 1614, Pocahontas, daughter of the leader of the Powhatan tribe, married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia. (A convert to Christianity, she went by the name Lady Rebecca.)
  • In 1621, the Mayflower sailed from Plymouth Colony in present-day Massachusetts on a monthlong return trip to England.
  • In 1792, President George Washington cast his first veto, rejecting a congressional measure for apportioning representatives among the states.
  • In 1862, during the Civil War, the monthlong Siege of Yorktown began in Virginia.
  • In 1887, in Tuscumbia, Ala., Anne Sullivan achieved a breakthrough as her blind and deaf pupil, Helen Keller, learned the meaning of the word "water" as spelled out in the Manual Alphabet.
  • In 1895, Oscar Wilde lost his criminal libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry, who'd accused the writer of homosexual practices.
  • In 1951, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death following their conviction in New York on charges of conspiring to commit espionage for the Soviet Union.
  • In 1964, Army General Douglas MacArthur died in Washington at age 84.
  • In 1976, reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes died in Houston at age 70.
  • In 1986, two American servicemen and a Turkish woman were killed in the bombing of a West Berlin discotheque, an incident which prompted a U.S. air raid on Libya more than a week later.
  • In 1987, Fox Broadcasting Co. made its prime-time TV debut by airing a total of three times the premiere episode of "Married... with Children" followed by "The Tracey Ullman Show."
  • In 1988, a 15-day hijacking ordeal began as gunmen forced a Kuwait Airways jumbo jet to land in Iran.

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