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February 8, 2013

Today in History

Today is Friday, Feb. 8, the 39th day of 2013. There are 326 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Feb. 8, 1973, Senate leaders named seven members of a select committee to investigate the Watergate scandal, including its chairman, Sen. Sam J. Ervin, D-N.C.

On this date:

  • In 1587, Mary, Queen of Scots was beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle in England after she was implicated in a plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
  • In 1693, a charter was granted for the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg in the Virginia Colony.
  • In 1862, the Civil War Battle of Roanoke Island, N.C, ended in victory for Union forces led by Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside.
  • In 1904, the Russo-Japanese War, a conflict over control of Manchuria and Korea, began as Japanese forces attacked Port Arthur.
  • In 1910, the Boy Scouts of America was incorporated.
  • In 1922, President Warren G. Harding had a radio installed in the White House.
  • In 1942, during World War II, Japanese forces began invading Singapore, which fell a week later.
  • In 1963, members of the Baath Socialist Party overthrew Iraqi Prime Minister Abdel-Karim Kassem, who was executed the next day.
  • In 1968, three college students were killed in a confrontation with highway patrolmen in Orangeburg, S.C., during a civil rights protest against a whites-only bowling alley.
  • In 1971, NASDAQ, the world's first electronic stock exchange, held its first trading day.
  • In 1989, 144 people were killed when an American-chartered Boeing 707 filled with Italian tourists slammed into a fog-covered mountain in the Azores.
  • In 1993, General Motors sued NBC, alleging that "Dateline NBC" had rigged two car-truck crashes to show that 1973-to-87 GM pickups were prone to fires in side-impact crashes. (NBC settled the lawsuit the following day and apologized for its "unscientific demonstration.")

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