Five years ago: At the Beijing Olympics, Michael Phelps touched the wall a hundredth of a second ahead of Serbia's Milorad Cavic (MEE'-loh-rahd KAH'-vihch) to win the 100-meter butterfly, giving Phelps his seventh gold medal of the Games, tying Mark Spitz's performance in the 1972 Munich Games. Usain (yoo-SAYN') Bolt of Jamaica ran the 100-meter dash in a stunning world-record time of 9.69 seconds. Talk show host Ellen DeGeneres and actress Portia de Rossi were married at their Beverly Hills home.
One year ago: Republican presidential contender Mitt Romney declared he had paid at least 13 percent of his income in federal taxes every year for the previous decade; President Barack Obama's campaign shot back in doubt: "Prove it." A U.S. military helicopter crashed during a firefight with insurgents in southern Afghanistan, killing seven Americans and four Afghans. Ecuador decided to identify WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange as a refugee and give him asylum in its London embassy. Character actor William Windom, 88, died in Woodacre, Calif.
Today's Birthdays: Actress Ann Blyth is 85. Sportscaster Frank Gifford is 83. Actor Gary Clarke is 80. Actress Julie Newmar is 80. Actor John Standing is 79. College Football Hall of Famer and NFL player Bill Glass is 78. Actress Anita Gillette is 77. Actress Carole Shelley is 74. Country singer Billy Joe Shaver is 74. Movie director Bruce Beresford is 73. Actor Bob Balaban is 68. Ballerina Suzanne Farrell is 68. Actress Lesley Ann Warren is 67. Rock singer-musician Joey Spampinato is 63. Actor Reginald VelJohnson is 61. TV personality Kathie Lee Gifford is 60. Rhythm-and-blues singer J.T. Taylor is 60. Movie director James Cameron is 59. Actor Jeff Perry is 58. Rock musician Tim Farriss (INXS) is 56. Actress Laura Innes is 56. Singer Madonna is 55. Actress Angela Bassett is 55. Actor Timothy Hutton is 53. Actor Steve Carell (kuh-REHL') is 51. Former tennis player Jimmy Arias is 49. Actor-singer Donovan Leitch is 46. Actor Andy Milder is 45. Actor Seth Peterson is 43. Country singer Emily Robison (The Dixie Chicks) is 41. Actor George Stults is 38. Singer Vanessa Carlton is 33. Actor Cam Gigandet is 31. Actress Agnes Bruckner is 28. Actress Cristin Milioti is 28. Actor Shawn Pyfrom is 27. Country singer Ashton Shepherd is 27. Actor Kevin G. Schmidt is 25. Actress Rumer Willis is 25. Singer-pianist Greyson Chance is 16.
Thought for Today: "In politics people give you what they think you deserve and deny you what they think you want." — Cyril Northcote Parkinson, British historian and author.