Today is Friday, July 12, the 193rd day of 2013. There are 172 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On July 12, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill authorizing the Medal of Honor.
On this date:
- In 1543, England's King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.
- In 1690, forces led by William of Orange defeated the army of James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.
- In 1909, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in passing the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, allowing for a federal income tax, and submitted it to the states. (It was declared ratified in February 1913.)
- In 1943, the World War II tank battle of Prokhorovka between German invaders and Soviet defenders took place with no clear victor.
- In 1948, the Democratic national convention, which nominated President Harry S. Truman for a second term of office, opened in Philadelphia.
- In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower was flown by helicopter from the White House to a secret mountaintop location as part of a drill involving a mock nuclear attack on Washington.
- In 1967, six days of race-related rioting erupted in Newark, N.J.; the violence claimed 26 lives.
- In 1973, actor Lon Chaney, Jr., 67, died in San Clemente, Calif.
- In 1977, President Jimmy Carter defended Supreme Court limits on government payments for poor women's abortions, saying, "There are many things in life that are not fair."
- In 1984, Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale announced he'd chosen U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running-mate; Ferraro was the first woman to run for vice president on a major-party ticket.
- In 1988, Democratic presidential candidate Michael S. Dukakis tapped Sen. Lloyd Bentsen of Texas as his running-mate.
- In 1993, some 200 people were killed when an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck northern Japan and triggered a tsunami. In Somalia, a mob enraged by a deadly United Nations attack on the compound of Mohamed Farrah Aidid killed an Associated Press photographer and three employees of Reuters.