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January 22, 2013

Today in History

Today is Tuesday, Jan. 22, the 22nd day of 2013. There are 343 days left in the year.

Today's Highlights in History:

On Jan. 22, 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court, in its Roe v. Wade decision, legalized abortions using a trimester approach. Former President Lyndon B. Johnson died at his Texas ranch at age 64.

On this date:

  • In 1498, during his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus arrived at the present-day Caribbean island of St. Vincent.
  • In 1901, Britain's Queen Victoria died at age 81.
  • In 1912, the Florida Keys Over-Sea Railroad, which connected the Keys with the mainland, went into service.
  • In 1917, President Woodrow Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory." (By April, however, America also was at war.)
  • In 1922, Pope Benedict XV died; he was succeeded by Pius XI.
  • In 1938, Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town" was performed publicly for the first time in Princeton, N.J.
  • In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces began landing at Anzio, Italy.
  • In 1953, the Arthur Miller drama "The Crucible" opened on Broadway.
  • In 1968, the fast-paced sketch comedy series "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premiered on NBC-TV.
  • In 1973, a Boeing 707 chartered by Nigeria Airways crashed while attempting to land at Kano International Airport; 176 of the 202 people aboard were killed. George Foreman upset reigning heavyweight champion Joe Frazier with a second round TKO in their match in Kingston, Jamaica.
  • In 1984, the Los Angeles Raiders defeated the Washington Redskins 38-9 to win Super Bowl XVIII (18), played at Tampa Stadium in Florida. (The game broadcast on CBS-TV featured Apple Computer's famous "1984" ad introducing the Macintosh computer.)
  • In 1998, Theodore Kaczynski (kah-ZIHN'-skee) pleaded guilty in Sacramento, Calif., to being the Unabomber in return for a sentence of life in prison without parole.

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