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February 4, 2013

Today in History

Today is Monday, Feb. 4, the 35th day of 2013. There are 330 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Feb. 4, 1913, Rosa Parks, a black woman whose 1955 refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Ala., city bus to a white man sparked a civil rights revolution, was born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Ala.

On this date:

  • In 1783, Britain's King George III proclaimed a formal cessation of hostilities in the American Revolutionary War.
  • In 1789, electors chose George Washington to be the first president of the United States.
  • In 1861, delegates from six southern states that had recently seceded from the Union met in Montgomery, Ala., to form the Confederate States of America.
  • In 1932, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt opened the Winter Olympic Games at Lake Placid.
  • In 1938, the Thornton Wilder play "Our Town" opened on Broadway. Walt Disney's animated feature "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" opened in general U.S. release.
  • In 1941, the United Service Organizations (USO) came into existence.
  • In 1962, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital was founded in Memphis, Tenn., by entertainer Danny Thomas.
  • In 1972, Mariner 9, orbiting Mars, transmitted images of the red planet.
  • In 1974, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was kidnapped in Berkeley, Calif., by the Symbionese Liberation Army.
  • In 1976, more than 23,000 people died when a severe earthquake struck Guatemala with a magnitude of 7.5, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.
  • In 1983, pop singer-musician Karen Carpenter died in Downey, Calif., at age 32.
  • In 1987, pianist Liberace died at his Palm Springs, Calif., home at age 67.

Ten years ago: President George W. Bush visited the Johnson Space Center in Houston, where he led a tribute to the lost crew of the shuttle Columbia and rededicated the nation to space travel. A rare television interview with Saddam Hussein aired in which the Iraqi leader denied that Baghdad had a relationship with al-Qaida or weapons of mass destruction. Lawmakers formally dissolved Yugoslavia and replaced it with a loose union of its remaining two republics, Serbia and Montenegro. Opera singer Jerome Hines died in New York at age 81.

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