SARANAC LAKE — One never knows when an illness or injury may suddenly leave a person unable to make their own medical decisions.
“If your family or your friends have no idea what your wishes are, they can’t advocate for you,” said Tania McCabe, professional liaison for Saranac Lake’s High Peaks Hospice & Palliative Care.
In honor of National Healthcare Decisions Day on Wednesday, area health-care professionals are encouraging people to establish advance directives, which include health-care proxies and living wills.
“The purpose of advance directives is to be able to plan for a time when some kind of treatment may be necessary and a patient is unable to express wishes at the particular moment,” said Marc Johnson, a social worker at Adirondack Health.
PROXIES, LIVING WILLS
A health-care proxy, McCabe explained, is a document in which individuals designate someone as an agent to make medical decisions for them should they be unable due to conditions such as confusion or unconsciousness.
It also allows individuals to provide instructions or limitations regarding the use of certain medical treatments.
Similarly, living wills allow people to specify whether they wish to receive life-prolonging treatments in the event they have a mental or physical condition with no reasonable expectation of recovery. However, McCabe noted, these documents do not specify a health-care agent.
While New York state’s family surrogate law designates specific family members to act as the agent if no one has been named by the patient, according to Johnson, this can be a difficult undertaking for family members if they don’t know what the patient’s wishes are.
For that reason, he said, it’s recommended that people both discuss their wishes with their family beforehand and have a documented advance directive in place.
“I think the first step is often talking about the person’s view of quality of life versus prolonging life,” he said.