In an area where the diseases occur year round, many veterinarians recommend vaccinations every six months. For the vaccine to be effective, it must be handled and administered properly, prior to an anticipated increase in mosquito activity in a local area. For these reasons, state veterinarian David Smith recommends that the vaccines be administered by a veterinarian.
Other prevention methods include eliminating standing water breeding sites for mosquitoes, using insect repellents and removing animals from mosquito-infested areas during peak biting times, usually from dusk to dawn. In addition, water in water troughs should be changed at least twice a week to discourage mosquito breeding.
There is no human vaccine for EEE or WNV. The best way to protect against it is to keep mosquitoes from biting. EEE is rare but serious and can affect both people and horses. Five cases have been diagnosed in humans in New York State since 1971, and all have been fatal. Prior to 2009, there had not been a human case detected in the state in more than 25 years.
WNV is more common than EEE and can also cause serious illness or, in some cases, death. Not all mosquitoes carry WNV, but human cases have been reported in counties across the state. In 2012, there were 107 reported human cases of WNV statewide, nine of which were fatal.
For more information on EEE and West Nile Virus in horses, visit www.agriculture.ny.gov/AI/equine/equine.html#3.
Deal announced on cideries, labeling bills
ALBANY — Gov. Andrew Cuomo, Senate Majority Coalition Leader Dean Skelos, Senate Majority Leader Coalition Leader Jeffery Klein and Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver have approved a three-way agreement on two bills that follow through on the promises made after the New York State Wine Beer and Spirits Summit.
The Farm Cideries Bill will establish a new license for farm cideries similar to the licenses already available to farm wineries, breweries and distilleries.