Press-Republican

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October 21, 2012

War of 1812 historian to visit Plattsburgh

PLATTSBURGH — Nationally renowned historian Dr. David C. Skaggs will visit Plattsburgh this week to share his perspective on the significance of the Sept. 11, 1814, Battle of Plattsburgh.

Skaggs, a retired professor of history at Bowling Green State University in Ohio, has specialized in examining the nation’s early military conflicts, including the War of 1812.

He has been a longtime proponent of the importance of the Battle of Lake Erie and its commander, Oliver Hazard Perry, but he also places a major significance on the American victory at Plattsburgh, under the naval leadership of Commodore Thomas Macdonough.

KEY BATTLES

“Macdonough’s victory was far more important tactically, strategically and diplomatically,” Skaggs said from his home in northern Michigan recently. “The Battle of Plattsburgh was one of three victories that caused his majesty’s government to reconsider the War of 1812.”

The defense of Baltimore and the defense of Fort Erie on the Canadian side of the St. Lawrence River near Niagara Falls were the other key conflicts that influenced the British to end its assault on the fledgling American nation.

“The conflict (in America) was costing the British dearly in men and money following 23 years of war with the French,” Skaggs said. “These three conflicts really changed the British mindset (toward war in America).”

During the waning months of 1814, the British leadership was concentrating much of its energies on establishing control of at least the harbor in Plattsburgh, if not the entire Lake Champlain.

The naval victory on Plattsburgh Bay defeated that strategy and ultimately led to the British concession to end the War of 1812.

Still, the significance of Macdonough’s victory has remained a mystery to most of America, despite the local emphasis on how important the American stand at Plattsburgh turned out to be.

“There isn’t that much knowledge (nationally) about the battle on Plattsburgh Bay,” Skaggs said. “People tend to focus more on New Orleans, Baltimore and Lake Erie than they do on Lake Champlain.”

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